Which Business Structure Should You Choose Sole Trader Or Company?

Many entrepreneurs and potential business owners begin by deciding on the best legal structure for their company between Sole Trader Or Company. This is a difficult decision that necessitates a thorough grasp of the distinctions between the business structures, the duties that each demand, and how these factors will affect continuing operations like Sole Trader Tax Returns.

Legal, tax, and reporting duties differ between sole traders and corporations. Discover the distinctions to help you determine which business structure is right for you.

What is a Sole Trader?

A sole trader is the most rudimentary business form, making it the simplest and fastest to start up. You and your business are both considered a single entity when you own and operate a business as a sole trader. A lone trader is legally accountable for all parts of the firm, including debts, losses, and day-to-day operations.

What are the Advantages of Functioning as a Sole Trader?

  • You’re in charge. And the only one in charge.
  • There are no dividends or profit shares, so you keep all of the profits.
  • The fee of registration is relatively minimal.
  • You have complete privacy.
  • It’s easy to start and run your own business.
  • If your circumstances change, it’s simple to modify your legal structure, and you can quickly close the business.

What is a Company?

On the other hand, a company is a legal entity in its own right. Making management choices need at least one shareholder (owner) and one or more directors. Because of the additional reporting requirements and higher-level legal duties, it’s a much more complicated corporate structure with greater set-up and administration costs. A corporation structure is better suited to a medium to the big firm because of its structure, expenses, and legal requirements.

What are the Main Advantages of Operating a Company?

  • When working with a group of directors or shareholders, you won’t have to be the lone decision maker, and you’ll have access to your co-Directors’ expertise and experience.
  • Because you have shareholders, it is easier to raise funds.
  • It’s simple to transfer whole or partial ownership of a company to another person or company.
  • It’s easier to grow since you may run a collection of companies and balance losses from one against profits taxed by another.
  • Outsiders frequently see organizations as being more “serious” since the establishment procedure, and standards for continued trade are more complicated and costly, requiring more of a commitment from the Directors.
  • Profit taxation is favourable.
  • There is a limit to your liability.

The Main Distinctions between a Sole Trader and a Company

Understanding the distinctions between operating as a sole trader and operating as a corporation can assist you in determining which is best for your firm. This is something that your accountant, Sole trader tax accountant, or business adviser may assist you with as well.


The fact that a company structure has restricted liability is a significant benefit. Shareholders are only liable to a limited extent; they are not liable for their obligations.

Unless they made a personal guarantee, were dishonest or negligent, or broke their directors’ obligations, such as managing the firm when it was bankrupt, directors had little accountability.

Sole traders have no limit on their culpability; they are individually liable for the company’s obligations. This implies that both corporate and personal assets, such as a home or car, are in danger.

Profits from a Business

The money you make as a solo trader is treated as individual income by the Australian Taxation Office (ATO). This implies you’re also liable for any taxes your company owes.

The money that the company earns is its company. The money belongs to the company, even if you own it.


A company can attract investors by selling shares, allowing shareholders to own a piece of the company. The company can either issue shares directly or options over shares and convertible notes that convert to shares.

Sole dealers cannot offer shares. They usually take out a loan to raise finances. Because banks and financiers have limits on how much money they will lend, obtaining finance for a solo trader may be challenging. The repayment of interest on a loan is usually required on a monthly basis, which can impact cash flow.

Rates and Obligations for Taxes

The tax due by a lone trader vs. a company differs. Companies pay 30% tax on their earnings, whereas lone traders pay personal income tax. Thus, their tax rate is determined by the amount they make, including the revenue from their firm.

Sole traders are required to file individual tax returns. Company owners must file both personal and company tax returns.

Companies must keep financial records and keep their books up to date to comply with the Australia Securities Investment Commission’s reporting requirements and company tax return.


The sort of insurance you require is determined by your business operations, such as the type of business, whether you offer products or services, and whether or not you employ people. Because workers’ compensation insurance does not protect single merchants, you should consider personal injury, disability, and death insurance.

Your business operations, like with sole traders, will determine the type of insurance you require. Although liability insurance for directors and officers is not needed, it is something that directors should think about. In both instances, workers’ compensation insurance is mandatory if you have employees.

Ending Words

In conclusion, many opt to be sole traders since it is an easy way to start a firm. There is less administration, such as the absence of corporate tax returns in Perth. However, being a single trader has a lot of drawbacks, such as personal liability and the inability to bring in investors because you don’t have any business shares to offer.

Most growing organizations chose a company structure because of the restricted liability, potential tax benefits, ability to incentivize employees with shares, and opportunity to bring in investor shareholders.

When deciding on a corporate structure, the most crucial question to address is: Which structure will be the most flexible in the future? Where do you see our company in three to five years?

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